Keith P. Myers wrote:1. How much of Meyer's teaching remained when his school was taken over by the French?
Probably a whole lot. AFAIK the last time he was published(before our era) was 1660 and Verolini is said to have a very strong Meyer flavor in his 1679 treatise. I would expect some drift but there should still be recognizable similarities in style.
2. Where there any renowned and influential French fencing masters that came out of that Strassburg school?
We should also try and find names of the German students of the school and track their careers. The biggest issue though is volume, not notoriety. If tons of run of the mill fencing instructors were pouring out of the Strassburg school then they in turn would be teaching multitudes of new fencers from which the next generation of masters would arise and so on.
The overlaps with the later Broadsword/Saber methods could be attributed to the influence of Messer/Dussack technique. But I have to say that Meyer's Sidesword is a complete system in and of itself, and while it has features of and influence from his Dussack method, it is also different enough that it clearly is not just Dussack technqiue adapted for the Sidesword. That may be the Italian influence showing through.
That ties in to why I find Meyer so fascinating... I train in French foil and Italian saber, Meyer had an Italian influence in his rapier and as we're discussing it seems possible that he in turn influenced French fencing. There's not a guard in French foil as I learned it that doesn't have an equivalent in Meyer's longsword. I think this may be more of a longsword thing than a specifically Meyer thing, it's pretty clear that the longsword held the same position in the Medieval era as the foil does in the modern era... sort of the starting place for all fencing.
And is there a clear link between a specific Rapier method and the Smallsword? I would think one would have to show some kind of relationship between such a later Rapier method and Meyer's earlier Sidesword method as a link in the chain from Meyer to Smallsword. But then, can you really do this kind of thing for ANY fencing method?
My understanding is that French smallsword was an adaptation of Italian rapier and we know Meyer's rapier was Italian influenced. I don't know very much at all about the rapier and my knowledge of the 17th century is very foggy so I can't provide all the specifics. I'm not saying that French smallsword is a direct continuation and adaptation, ultimately, of Meyer's rapier specifically. The way I see it Meyer's teachings were just influential, heck we know
that... his treatise was reprinted for a century! Still there's a lot of puzzling evidence, such as the presence of schilts on Meyer's training rapiers and the the same in antique foils, even the "schilt" of the colichemarde that was specifically used as an aid to parrying.